Experiment and Data Sources

  • strict warning: Declaration of vsite::router() should be compatible with space_type::router($op, $object = NULL) in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 232.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1424.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1424.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1424.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1424.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1424.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1424.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1506.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1506.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1506.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1506.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1506.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/flag/flag.module on line 1506.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.
  • strict warning: Non-static method vsite::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 228.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_og::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite/plugins/vsite.inc on line 204.
  • strict warning: Non-static method space_type_purl::excluded_paths() should not be called statically in /web/archivessascholars/sites/all/modules/contrib/spaces/spaces_og/plugins/space_og.inc on line 185.

Nonexperimental component examines:

  • Managers' labor flexibility practices and their relationship to store-level outcomes, such as turnover, and worker-level outcomes, such as worker commitment, engagement, and sales
  • Dimensions of work schedules (stability, predictability, flexibility) and their relationship to worker performance and well-being.

Experimental component includes:

  • Cluster-randomized experiment. Stores randomly assigned to intervention and control conditions
  • Intervention. Posting schedules for a full month at a time (usually schedules are posted the Tuesday or Wednesday before the workweek that begins on Sunday)
  • Experiment complete in Chicago area stores (N=21). Preparing to expand experiment to stores in the Northeast.

Multiple sources of data:

For 151 stores in Midwest and Northeast:

  • Corporate administrative data
    Monthly personnel records 2006 to present (N=1,179 hourly employees, 2008)
    Used to track turnover, retention, and churning
    Provides employee demographic information
  • Manager Survey (N=139; 92% response rate)
    Telephone survey that asked managers about their staffing and scheduling strategies

For 21 stores in Chicago area that participated in experiment

  • Weekly posted schedules (6-8 months)
  • Payroll hours, i.e., actual hours employees worked (6-8 months)
  • Weekly sales by associate and store, including sales-per-hour (6-8 months)
  • Employee Surveys (pre and post intervention)
    Telephone survey that gathered information on work attitudes and behaviors (e.g., engagement, commitment, organizational citizenship behavior) and worker well-being (e.g., work to family conflict, work to family interferences, stress, caregiving responsibilities)